The built environment accounts for approximately 40% of all energy consumption. About 1% of this is consumed during construction, 84% accounted for during the lifetime of the building and 15% is embedded in construction materials. Skanska is able to provide enhanced efficiency in the area of energy use.
In this area we are developing many plans through the product adaptation strategies. For example, energy consumption in the office buildings we design is 30- 40% less than in regular buildings of this type. In addition, we are trying to reduce energy consumption of our vehicles, heavy equipment and office facilities. These adaptation and mitigation measures are embedded more specifically in our 2008-2010 Business Plan.
Our approach to addressing energy and climate challenges in this area is such that we focus on things which we can control and influence directly. Over the next three years we will attempt to focus on a reduction of our negative impacts and on an adaptation of our product and services with the aim of reducing negative impacts on the climate. Specifically we will focus on 1) Our Employees, 2) Our Assets and 3) Like-minded Clients including our four Development Business Units - Skanska RDN, CDN, CDE and ID.
The Skanska group employs approximately 56,000 people. We will build up an awareness about the improvement of effective energy use at workplaces, at home and also in the area of travel. We will also improve qualifications of our employees in fields such as eco-design.
We can divide our assets into three categories: road vehicles, heavy plant, equipment and offices. We try to implement energy saving in the following categories:
Our "Green Car Policy" applies to all vehicles which we own or rent. As of 1 January 2008 all new vehicles must emit less than 260 grams of CO2 per kilometre, and our priority is for new vehicles to emit less than 65 g/km (Class 1), or 66-130 g/km (Class 2). We acknowledge that at present it is not possible to achieve values lower than 130 g/km everywhere, and so we also accept Class 3 (131-260 g/km) if Class 1 and 2 is unattainable, and/or biofuels are in short supply.
Heavy plant and equipment
The Skanska group owns heavy plant and equipment in a value of USD 500 million. As of 1 January 2008 all plant and equipment coming under ten priority categories is governed by the directive "Energy Efficiency Best Practice Guidelines", which applies to their maintenance, repair and replacement. This directive and priority categories were created for Skanska by a globally important agency dealing with energy savings in the area of industry.
As of 1 January 2008 the operation of all Skanska offices comes under the new directive Energy Efficiency Best Practice Guidelines. Our facility managers are responsible for this directive.
Starting with our four internal clients (Skanska RDN, CDN, CDE and ID) we will drive forward a programme of work to adapt our core products and services so that we can offer higher energy efficiency and more climate-benign solutions to our clients. This work will be carried out under the direction of our "Green Construction Initiative".
One part of our undertaking is the reduction of negative impacts on climate change. Since 2006 Skanska has sponsored the organisation UNEP and its programme Sustainable Building & Construction Initiative (SBCI) and provided expert input to the WBCSD.